舊天輪-霧峰高壓線 Old Tianlun-Wufeng High Voltage Line

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摘要

透過老地圖及現場挖掘, 我們確定曾經跨越台中市山區的一條舊高壓電線的原位址。

Abstract

Through old maps and excavation we confirm the location of a former high voltage power line, traversing the mountains of Taichung, Taiwan.

---- 還沒寫完 Not finished ----

地形圖 Topographic maps

翻開「臺灣經建版地形圖」 , 無論第一版 (1989 年), 第二版 (1993 年), 第三版 (2001 年), 位於台中市東勢區慶福里燥坑為例, 均見到兩條高壓線:

Digging through topographic maps (1989 through 2001) of Zaokeng, Dongshi District, Taichung City, Taiwan, we see two high-voltage power lines:

[Image: 2001年臺灣經建版地形圖 map tile]

https://openinframap.org/#15.93/24.1736/120.862758 ...........

台中市和平、東勢、新社、太平區有一條舊高壓電線, 雖然已拆除, 但逐塔基礎古蹟仍能找的到!

讀者能比較其北方現今... 另外一條線 ... 之 逐筆 , 雖然也是同樣數小方塊地成一條線, 只是產權略異。

航照圖 Aerial photography

各座分別討論 Per-site description

今日探訪各筆, 一律發現方形平台, 至少與地籍一樣大。 有時山坡刻台痕跡明顯。 今天這些平台上也有水池、 果園等。

As a rule, visiting each site today one encounters a square flat area at least as big as the parcel dimensions. Sometimes a notch in a hillside is present to make the flat area. Currently other objects: water tanks, orchards, etc. occupy those flat areas too.

因逐塔原塔號不明, 暫以其地號稱之。

地籍圖 Cadastral maps

有神秘小方塊土地點綴, 形成一條線:

Further checking Damaopu Section Dongshi District cadastral map, we note a mysterious string of tiny square parcels:

臺中市... it starts at WIKI Tianlun fadian chang, and goes through:

East to west Some lin ban ..., 和平區南勢段 Heping District Nanshi Section *, 大茅埔段地籍圖 Dongshi District Damaopu Section, LONG AN DUAN, 新社區水底寮段上水底寮小段 Xinshe District Shuidiliao Section Shangshuidiliao Subsection, Taiping mystery duans...

正如上述現今北線, 高壓線的每座鐵塔都要有自己的地籍, 又方形。

Well they are just like the parcels of the above mentioned today's northern line. All high-voltage power line towers must have their own parcel, and square shaped too.

從東往西, 我們來看逐筆面積(平方公尺):

Going east to west, let's have a quick look at each parcel's sizes (m2):

3350: 90; 3342: 80; 3454: 80; 3444: 80; 3557: 100; 3550: 90; 3609: 80; 3758: 70; 3757: 70; 3747: 80; 5283: 80; 5279: 60; 5162: 100; 5182: 180;

老地籍圖舉例 - 民國 58 (1969) 年 「台中縣東勢鎮地籍原圖」 (臺中縣林班解除地測量地籍原圖) Some examples from old cadastral maps:

土地登記 Land registration

比較舊線逐塔位土地登記, 與一般附近今塔, 大致如:

Comparing land registration of our old tower parcels line with current nearby ones, one observes mostly:

舊塔位今登記 附近今塔
權利人類別 國有 本國私法人
所有權人 中華民國 (台電)
管理者名稱 財政部國有財產署 (台電)
使用地類別 (原地目「雜」,今各種) 特定目的事業用地
國土利用現況調查 (各類) 公用設備
登記日期 民國年月日(空格) 民國xxx年xx月xx日
面積 [x]x0 平方公尺(粗)※ [x]xx 平方公尺(細)

※ 60, 70, 80 … 170 平方公尺。

結論 Conclusion

English: Old maps still show a power line from the past. Cadastral maps reveal many small parcels forming a line. Visiting them and cutting through the weeds indeed reveals some concrete foundations. Just like one discovered the ancient pyramids! Although not a national class monument, it still has historic value!

文獻 Literature

  1. 漫談台灣電業的前世今生

    新建天輪-霧峰(1952)、 輸電專輯 台灣電力系統東西聯絡線的推手蔡瑞唐: 「民國 40 [1951] 年台電成立天峰線工程處(天輪至霧峰), 同年 1 月蔡瑞唐兼任該處主任, 次年 8 月這條線路 (154kV) 竣工。」

  2. 維基百科:東電西送

    「開始建立天冷至霧峰變電所間輸電線路, 於1952年8月完成[2]。 全線於1953年完工。」

問題 Questions

  1. Why are there so few cadastral parcels in the Xinshe and Taiping District sections of the old line? Maybe there were different surveying rules there?

  2. At the point the old line hits the current line is that tower still aligned to the old line? And are all the towers to the west older that the towers to the east or have they all been rebuilt?

    east JCT., west JCT.

  3. Perhaps we can find out more about why they removed the old line, via looking at early proposals for the new line.

閒聊 Remarks

有一點興奮, 像類似發現: 逐塔連起來成的現狀, 想到納斯卡線條

前高壓線基礎群雖然未達國家級古蹟但仍有歷史意義。)

說不定讀者父母唸到博士是部份靠該線電供應台燈亮著☺


* maps.nlsc.gov.tw links still fail on English browsers, as of 2021.

圖檔提供單位 Imagery provided by: 中央研究院人社中心地圖與遙測影像數位典藏計畫, NLSC.

Author: 積丹尼 Dan Jacobson

Last modified: 2021-02-25 01:12:25 +0800