疣胸琉璃蟻防制 Dolichoderus thoracicus prevention

此蟻種近年台灣中部山區問題。 These ants have become a big [video in Chinese] problem in the central Taiwan hills.

以下是 住山上海拔 777 米對抗本蟻種入屋經驗。 但未保證對您有效, 畢竟我連基本生物學也沒讀過:

Here are some methods I have found useful here at elevation 777 meters to keep them out of the house. No guarantees that they might work for you though, as I haven't even studied Biology 101:

防制 Prevention

  1. 屋外牆角噴殺蟲劑。 每幾天噴一次。 防制螞蟻入內。

    Spraying insecticide along the base of the house's external walls to not let them in.

    目的是所噴的範圍疣胸琉璃蟻數日不敢過。 是的, 同樣罐上畫螞蟻, 但某些 (噴效橘色) 品牌效期較長。

    The goal is the residue provides a barrier that the Dolichoderus thoracicus ants will not cross for several days. Even though the can might have a picture of an ant on it, some some brands last many times longer than others.

    我們在用殺蟲劑當味道圍籬。 亦即不一定要殺連一隻。

    We are using insecticide as a odor fence. We don't even necessarily kill even one ant.

    螞蟻快要回來時, 會不斷試圖爬上, 但爬無幾公分又掉下來。 此刻劑渣快沒有了, 必再噴, 否則很快, 牠們就「透過無線電」, 呼叫大批兵力大侵襲。

    Yes, after a few days the ants will be back. At first repeatedly climbing up a few centimeters and falling back down, only to try again, over and over. That means the spray's residue is almost gone, so it's time to spray again without further ado! Else very soon they'll be "on the radio to their buddies," coordinating an invasion.

    屋簷要夠寬, 以維持乾燥而不讓雨水沖刷您所噴的犯未。

    Make sure the eaves of your house are wide enough to keep the area that you sprayed dry and of the rain's washing.

  2. (您還沒改為地下化之)電纜線於屋簷下(遮陽,遮雨)塗抹機械潤滑用半固態潤滑劑, 俗稱黃油。 螞蟻不敢踏過。 (此種我尚未見到「犧牲者當橋樑」。) 每幾月攪一攪, 怕乾。 也許也能用於戶外電信等配線箱入口。 箱內亦能放衣櫃用的臭丸… (但須離家夠遠, 否則咱住戶聞得到。)

    On overhead utility wires (that you haven't yet switched to go underground,) put a blob of chassis grease on the section underneath the eaves, where sun and rain can't get to it. The ants won't dare try to cross it. (Haven't seen "over a bridge of their dead comrades" yet with this type.) Stir it up to keep it from getting dry and hard, every few weeks. Might also be useful on entrances to outdoor telephone etc. junction boxes. Also one can place mothballs in such boxes... (if they are far enough from one's house for residents not to be able to smell them.)

  3. 只剩下仍藏在屋頂板內者。 因是獨立海島型群, 才敢採液態餌劑, 否則怕又引外面的入屋。 但我們已依上列步驟確定房屋已與屋外隔絕了。

    That leaves just the ones hidden in the roof etc. boards. These isolated the ones to leave sweet liquid borax baits for, as there are no more worries the baits will merely attract more ants from outside. Because we have already cut off all contact beyond the house via the methods above.

    (記得向當地公所通報疣胸琉璃蟻, 順便領標準餌劑。)

    (Be sure to report Dolichoderus thoracicus to the local government office. At the same time get the official bait mix from them.)

    至於掛誘餌於鄰近之森林… 但森林如大海, 螞蟻數量無限。 不如於屋基劃定界線

    As to putting baits in the neighboring forest... but the forest is like an ocean, with infinite numbers of ants. Better to make a barrier at the base of the house.

新屋設計 New house design

若蓋新屋, 怎麼設計才免一直噴, 又不怕疣胸琉璃蟻入侵? 也許:

If we are building a new house, what design steps might we take so we don't need constant spraying to not fear a Dolichoderus thoracicus invasion? Perhaps:

其他 Etc.

本蟻種對電信設備與工人電表。 This ant vs. telephone equipment and workers, power meters.

另參考螞蟻專家彰化師範大學生物系教授林宗岐。 See also National Changhua University of Education Department of Biology professor C. C. Lin.

圖 Images: 疣胸琉璃蟻全選一繩 Dolichoderus thoracicus ants all choose one string.


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積丹尼 Dan Jacobson

Last modified: 2021-06-21 21:34:56 +0800